Description: This analysis of naval engagements during the War Between the States presents the action from the efforts at Fort Sumter during the secession of South Carolina in 1860, through the battles in the Gulf of Mexico, on the Mississippi River, and along the eastern seaboard, to the final attack at Fort Fisher on the coast of North Carolina in January 1865. No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. The commander of the fort was Former Secretary of War Brigadier General John Floyd. General Lloyd Tilghman was the commander of Fort Donelson. Frozen by the miserable weather, the Union troops were just rousing and lining up for breakfast when the assault struck.
He reorganized his troops and the real battle began. Floyd was sent for and after a heated discussion with Pillow, he let the order stand. In 1854, Grant had lost a command in California allegedly because of a drinking problem, and U. Pillow escaped by small boat across the Cumberland in the night, Floyd the next morning on a steamer with two regiments of Virginia infantry. Arriving off Memphis about 5:30 am, the battle began. Pope and Foote planned to take the fort but Pope was ordered to join Major General Henry W. Anxious to attack the enemy, Johnston began concentrating Southern forces at Corinth, a major railroad center just below the Tennessee border.
Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, by Kurz and Allison, 1887. Grant into the national spotlight, claimed the life of Confederate commander Albert S. By morning they were all a miserable lot. As this was happening, Floyd lost his nerve and believing that Smith was about to attack the Union left, ordered his entire command back into the fort. About 1,500 were killed or wounded and on February 16, over 12,000 soldiers of the Fort Donelson garrison surrendered unconditionally to the Union forces. . All four ironclads were severely damaged and Foote was wounded before withdrawing.
It's a stretch, though, to postulate that the 1862 victory at Donelson propelled the Union to victory more than three years later. Memphis June 6, 1862 — After the Confederate River Defense Fleet, commanded by Captain James E. The battle on February 15 raged all morning, the Union Army grudgingly retreating step by step. The battle was over and Grant had another impressive victory under his belt. Though their escape route was open, Pillow ordered his men back to their trenches to re-supply before departing. Navy and the fledgling Confederate Navy, which may make this the first book to compare and contrast the strategic concepts of the Southern Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. This was the first clear and decisive victory gained by the North in a pitched battle west of the Mississippi River, and until 1864 the last effort of the South to carry the war into Missouri except by abortive raids.
It ensured that would stay in the Union and opened up Tennessee for a Northern advance along the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Although not officially recognized as nurses, women such as Mary Bickerdyke cared for and comforted sick and wounded soldiers. The conflagration at Shiloh had its roots in the strong Union advance during the winter of 1861-1862 that resulted in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson in Tennessee. The capture of the fort opened the Tennessee River to Union warships. Nathan Bedford Forrest across swollen Lick Creek.
Close to a third of all Albert Sidney Johnston's forces were prisoners; Grant had captured more soldiers than all previous American generals combined. Named for Tennessee Senator Gustavus Adolphus Henry Sr. Pillow maintained the agreement was to return to the camps to retrieve their equipment and withdraw under cover of night. With the Union gunboats closing and his fire largely ineffective, Tilghman decided to surrender the fort. The Western Flotilla under U. Floyd came to realize that he was about to be captured and face justice in the North.
As the Confederates worked to complete the forts, Union commanders in the west were under pressure from to take offensive action. Opening fire, they exchanged shots with the Confederates for around seventy-five minutes. Army officer Buckner had loaned him money to get home after his resignation. There are no accurate numbers of the Confederates at Fort Donelson, but it is generally accepted that there were approximately 21,000 troops within the works. Tilghman planned to remain with the gunners just long enough to assess the Federal assault and rejoin his command of some 2,500 men in their escape to Fort Donelson. The volume describes the preparation, logistics, and the execution of the campaign. The Union won the battle.
The result of the battle was the Confederate retreat across the Potomac, after the battle took place in Maryland, in mid-September, 1862. Foote's Union gunboat fleet, consisting of the ironclads St. That morning, February 16, Buckner asked Grant for terms. Description: This trilogy very competently fills in much needed analysis and detail on the critical Civil War battles of Stones River, Chickamauga and Chattanooga. Lew Wallace on February 6. Pillow ordered the digging of earthworks as a priority effort and sent teams forward to fell trees to clear fields of fire and form a sort of crude abatis.
When Grant returned, he sensed that the lines on the Confederate right north had been stripped of troops for the breakout attempt, and successfully pushed forward on that side. The Confederate plan was for Pillow to push McClernand out of the way and for Buckner to move his division across Wynn's Ferry Road and act as rear guard for the remainder of the army as it withdrew from Donelson and moved east. He was determined to defend Nashville and to do this the Cumberland River would need to be defended and remain in Confederate hands. Pillow, both turned over their command to Brigadier General Simon Bolivar Buckner, who agreed to unconditional surrender terms from Grant. Bowen, Lieutenant Colonel John T. Floyd and Buckner still believed the road was blocked and nothing Forrest could say would persuade them otherwise.