Fourth, the West has caused an increase of more people being familiar of other civilizations. Chapter five, Economics, Demography and the Challenger Civilizations, discusses the relative rise in power and influence of non-Western countries. Huntington minimized the power of universal political values and exaggerated the influence of distinct cultural values. However, Huntington also argues that as modernization increases cross-cultural communication, the similarities among cultures also increase. Some were intrigued, others, extremely offended.
They can develop economic, military power and cooperate with other non-Western countries against the West while still preserving their own values and institutions. There is still no decent history or demystification of the many-sided contest among these three followers—not one of them by any means a monolithic, unified camp—of the most jealous of all gods, even though the bloody modern convergence on Palestine furnishes a rich secular instance of what has been so tragically irreconcilable about them. They would follow their own trajectory and not become more Western. Huntington analyzes the resurgence of post-cold war cultural identities. According to his categorizationfrom a cultural perspective however; the world shall be divided into eight civilizations. This conflict dates back as far as the , its eventual expulsion in the , the attacks of the Ottoman Turks on Eastern Europe and Vienna, and the European imperial division of the Islamic nations in the 1800s and 1900s. The revolution aimed to establish a political system that would honor democracy and human rights.
This division of global powers can be used to prove that the Western civilization will never completely dominate the global media. As ideological distinctions among nations have been replaced by cultural differences, world politics has been reconfigured. As a result, the statue of Lenin which previously graced the stage of the auditorium had disappeared and instead the flag of the Russian Federation was now displayed on the front wall. These are the old truths we are painfully rediscovering after a century and more of sentimental cant. While the world is becoming more modern, it is simultaneously becoming less Western, an idea he expands upon in part two of the book. Sinic4: Includes China and the Chinese communities in South-East Asia.
Known both for his groundbreaking research in the field of comparative literature and his incisive political commentary, Said was one of the most prominent intellectuals in the United States. Gabrielle Bishop 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Huntington 139. The remainder of this section goes into great detail to explain the different divisions of core states throughout the world. Wars such as those following the break up of , in , and between India and Pakistan were cited as evidence of inter-civilizational conflict. He also gives the example of Australia as a country torn between its Western civilizational heritage and its growing economic engagement with Asia. He was the director of security planning for the National Security Council in the Carter administration, the founder and coeditor of Foreign Policy, and the president of the American Political Science Association.
In some ways, each of us is like every person on earth; in some ways, each of us is like the members of our culture and group; and, in some ways, each of us is unique. It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. Why is the west so blind? The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future. With economic modernization eroding nation-states, people have come to identify increasingly with members of their civilization, even if they hold different national passports. Religion is the societal factor that has filled the vacuum created by a loss of political ideology. But few of them are worth reading.
Instead, religion has replaced this gap, which provides a basis for identity and commitment that transcends national boundaries and unites civilizations. Summary of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order By Samuel P. Global communication without universal civilization. Peoples and nations are attempting to answer the most basic question humans can face: Who are we? In the meantime, you can use these summaries to benefit from the efforts of a previous generation of doctoral students. Religion is the primary factor that distinguishes Muslim politics and society from other countries.
For Huntington, the two civilizations that arose as antagonists and competing in Western civilization are the Chinese. This ultimate conclusion, and specifically Huntington's approach to Islam, is what made his theory so controversial, and what provided right-wingers in the west with a much-needed ideological enemy. Mexico and Russia are also considered to be torn by Huntington. A civilization is defined as the broadest cultural grouping of people. International Politics, 39 2 , pp.
Paradi gms are essential and unavoidable citing Thomas Kuhn and others 29-31. Thirdly, pessimism about humanity's future is warranted because of humanity's inability to control technology. Find out what you can do to help society more constructively handle the intractable conflicts that are making so many problems insoluble. At the same time, Western nations also expanded, conquered, colonized, or decisively influenced every other civilization Map 1. It, like most of the other Ideologies west, misses a lot things. Gabrielle Bishop In a 1993 article published in Foreign Affairs, Harvard Professor of Government and Political Scientist Samuel Huntington made a prediction for the 21st century that would go on to be both disputed and supported by experts around the globe. New York: Oxford University Press; 2011.