People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: this is called elimination of unreliable elements. A mass of Latin words falls upon the facts like soft snow, blurring the outline and covering up all the details. This essay should be required reading for anybody who writes so much as a daily email or social media post. Such phraseology is needed if one wants to name things without calling up mental pictures of them. Literature: an examination of Gulli Free download available at. One cannot try to find anything homelike or original in his speech.
The writer either has a meaning and cannot express it, or he inadvertently says something else, or he is almost indifferent as to whether his words mean anything or not. A mass of Latin words falls upon the facts like soft snow, blurring the outline and covering up all the details. What image or idiom will make it clearer? Através de 23 páginas Orwell relembra-nos o poder da escrita clara, concisa e metódica. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. Where is there a place in this hall of mirrors for either personality or fraternity? This he calls perverted use of the original phrase.
The criticism of the use of pretentious diction is met with the same fate. Analysis In the opening of his essay Orwell establishes his view of the English language as an instrument. It consists in gumming together long strips of words which have already been set in order by someone else, and making the results presentable by sheer humbug. Orwell rationalizes how many writers use extraneous verbs and nouns to pad sentences and create the illusion of symmetry. It is at this point that the special connection between politics and the debasement of language becomes clear. Political and economic causes have profoundly contributed to the decline of the language. Could people still understand them? Words like romantic, plastic, values, human, dead, sentimental, natural, vitality, as used in art criticism, are strictly meaningless, in the sense that they not only do not point to any discoverable object, but are hardly ever expected to do so by the reader.
Like any corporation, Facebook uses political language in their responses to allegations of nefarious behavior. The range of verbs is further cut down by means of the -ize and de- formations, and the banal statements are given an appearance of profundity by means of the not un- formation. Here is a well-known verse from Ecclesiastes: I returned and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and chance happeneth to them all. Essay, History and Political Science Topic: 1984George Orwell 1. As he explains, this is the result of the writer in each example either being unable to express their meaning or not caring if they accurately express themselves at all. But one can often be in doubt about the effect of a word or a phrase, and one needs rules that one can rely on when instinct fails. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble.
For example, toe the line is sometimes written as tow the line. Orwell knows the value of nuance and that's not what he opposes, it is deliberate misinformation through vagueness and familiar imagery that he is against. Thus political language has to consist largely of euphemism, question-begging and sheer cloudy vagueness. Further, these social changes mean that the original nature of the language will have to adjust to changes in experiences and interactions between people. There are also other areas where meaningless are used.
He uses a mass of latin words to cover the facts and details. The jargon peculiar to Marxist writing hyena, hangman, cannibal, petty bourgeois, these gentry, lackey, flunkey, mad dog, White Guard, etc. Recall the definition of love. In prose, the worst thing one can do with words is surrender to them. There are many limitations inhibiting such a reversible process from taking place. He gives an example of a writer who uses abstract words to describe a simple idea. As corrupted language smothers independent, original thinking, it thus serves a political purpose.
The use of pretentious phrases can be viewed as a result of many factors and not solely the outcome of the decline of the English language. The appropriate noises are coming out of his larynx, but his brain is not involved, as it would be if he were choosing his words for himself. I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of the worst sort. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using that word if it were tied down to any one meaning. He provides a quotation that uses abstract words to describe an idea. These critics also began to question Orwell's argument for the absoluteness of the English language, and asked whose values and truths were being represented through the language. Over time, academic works have adopted separate ways of structuring their works of literature.
However, such pretentious Latinized style is easier to fall for if you are in a hurry. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. Including such wording in their works, they are in a position to remain vague on matters they have biased opinions towards. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. George Orwell's purpose is to persuade readers to use simple language in political writing.
Now analyze these two sentences a little more closely. Professor Lancelot Hogben Interglossia 3. A mass of Latin words falls upon the facts like soft snow, blurring the outline and covering up all the details. I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of the worst sort. At last, Orwell is pointing that All that glitters in English language is not pure gold.