Think carefully about the benefits of your work — you will need to show the funder that your proposal is worth their investment. Experts recommend using labeled elements like an introduction, plan, method module and conclusion in order to make your medical research proposal look good, and to keep all of the appropriate data in the right places. The following should be added: Causes, treatment, preventive measures, etc. Ethical considerations also need to be taken into account e. Excluding appendices, 6-10 pages would be about appropriate although this should be spread across the various sections.
The proposed management plan can indicate to the sponsor that not only sustainability, but growth of the project is going to occur. Typically, the study question should be formulated to include the following: 1 the population to be studied, 2 the intervention, 3 any comparison group to be studied if relevant and 4 the study outcomes. The abstract should not be the last part of the proposal that is written. Project Management This section should describe the role and responsibility of each member of the team Ethics The protocol should have a description of ethical considerations relating to the study. The practice of nursing research: Conduct, critique, and utilization 5th ed. Specific aims The purpose of the specific study aims is to clearly describe what research question the investigators are trying to answer by conducting the study. Often, the title of a subsection will be enough to introduce it.
All costs including personnel, consumables, equipment, supplies, communication, and funds for patients and data processing are all included in the budget. It illustrates what will be made in the study by explaining each essential part of it and how it is carried out. Investigators need to describe proposed methods for protecting against bias. This section should also explain how you are going to analyse your research findings. Some agencies require site visits in order to assess the progress of the project. Acquiring the skills of writing an abstract is therefore important to novice writers to enter the discourse community of their discipline.
Methodology composes an important part of the protocol. Determine what kind of research paper you are going to write. It is the equivalent to the introduction in a research paper and it puts the proposal in context. This data is defined by Sorensen 1995 as secondary information and was initially distilled using data grouping and coding which is a qualitative method of refining the data Sorensen, 1995. Instead, be more mindful of the need to create audit trails evidencing from where your themes, for example, have emerged, to provide a thoughtful analysis and reflexive analysis and to show how you will attempt to engage your participants in the analysis.
Problems Anticipated This section should discuss the difficulties that the investigators anticipate in successfully completing their projects within the time frame stipulated and the funding requested. Extra time spent to write a good protocol will save failures at a later stage besides helping analysis. Preparation is essential, and you are encouraged to pick up the phone and call people who are working on similar projects, call program officers at agencies, and gather as much information as possible. Is there any eventuality in which data collection period might be extended? How are you going to bring out, themes, for example? Review of the proposal The proposal will be read by one of the academic staff, and will be discussed at a proposals review meeting in October. Academic success and promotion in medicine largely depends on the quality and quantity of received grants. The review should include the most recent publications in the field and the topic of the research is selected only after completing the literature review and finding some gaps in it. Safety Considerations The safety of research participants is foremost.
How many interviews will you conduct? If the outcome parameter is subjective e. Study goals and objectives Goals are broad statements of what the proposal hopes to accomplish. Randomization balances known and unknown prognostic factors between groups. The results that the younger children did not notice the contradiction posed by the question, but the older children were quick to point out that there was nothing added or subtracted, therefore the mass remained the same. Clinical research is conducted according to a plan a protocol or an action plan.
They are familiar with the style and structure of papers and can provide you with more resources. The introduction should end with one or more clearly stated research questions or hypotheses. You will want to mention, and where appropriate quote from, key works in your area. You should also include a fallback plan in case things go pear-shaped which, sadly, in clinical research they often do. The structure of this first section of the introduction needs to flow well. Divide the paper into logical sections determined by the type of paper you are writing. The discussion section of a clinical paper evaluates the study findings and describes why the study produced the results it did.
Each step involved in the recruitment of the study subjects should be described according to the selection criteria inclusion and exclusion criteria. If you are appending an interview schedule e. Guidelines were described for all three phases of the model, namely pretest counselling, post-test counselling and community care, in terms of objectives, strategies and activities. Rarely in medicine does a question have a definitive answer. It should also describe how the investigator s plan to obtain informed consent from the research participants the informed consent process. As I mentioned earlier, is particularly helpful here. This is where you explain how and where you plan to carry out your research.