The new judge is livid at this betrayal of his trust and comments that the only way to reform Pap is with a shotgun. Mark Twain, a stalwart abolitionist and advocate for emancipation, seems to be critiquing the racial segregation and oppression of his day by exploring the theme of slavery in Huckleberry Finn. . They take a skiff down the Mississippi River for several miles to explore the cave that Tom has found earlier. That is, both are episodic in form, and both satirically enact social critiques.
Chapter 5 Huck arrives back at his room and sees his Pap sitting in a chair. Superstition also serves to foreshadow events throughout the novel, as Huck knows the bad luck will return to haunt him. Twain's subtle mockery of superstition is reflected in the tone of this scene. He remarks that everyone knows dead men float face down, so this must have been a woman in man's clothing that looked like his Pap. The meow is a signal from Tom Sawyer, and Huck replies with a similar meow.
The widow tries to impart religion into Huck, but he doesn't take to that either. Huck is also intuitively against how society separates things with arbitrary boundaries, like food here, but, later, classes and races. Huck and Tom hunker down to hide, and Jim ends up sitting down right between them to wait to hear the sound again. Huck is very logical and reasonable. Throughout the twentieth century, has become famous not only as one of Twain's greatest achievements, but also as a highly controversial piece of literature.
Now, however, Huck is no longer scared of Pap, and instead notes how old his father has grown. In Twain's time, this word was used often and did not carry as powerful a racist connotation as it does currently. A drowned man is found in the river, and the townspeople believe is Huck's Pap. Huck appears to be a kind person who wants to please others, but perhaps he isn't telling the story exactly as it happened. The Widow Douglas teaches Huck the Bible and forbids him from smoking. In chapter three, Huck talks about his dad, Pap, whom Huck hasn't seen in more than a year. This is of course a reference to Huck and to Jim, since Huck is rich and Jim is poor.
The men will be killed and the women will be brought back to the cave. Together, they steal a skiff and float down the river several miles to an area where Tom has discovered a cave. If anyone tells the secret, that boy and his family must be killed. In this novel, Twain satirizes the pious Christians who professed kindness and civility, but who bought and sold slaves as property before the Civil War. Unlike Tom Sawyer, Huck is unable to make-believe that the picnic is really an Arab army. After Huck spills the salt, he is certain that bad luck will be the result. The Widow Douglas forbade Huck from smoking in the house as well.
Judge Thatcher has invested the money for them, six thousand dollars apiece in gold, and the interest alone is now worth a dollar a day, a large amount of money at that time. Huck then consults Jim, who relies on his hairball from the stomach of an ox to tell Huck's fortune. Of course, they retaliated by killing the Shepherdson. While Jim sometimes invokes his superstitious-ness to protect other people, like Huck, Huck sometimes invokes his superstitious-ness to relieve himself of responsibility for his actions. He soon returns and tells Huck what he did. It turns out she left her prayer book at church, and she needs him to back for it.
His fears are justified when he sees Pap's footprints in the snow. Then Tom wants to play a trick on Jim, so Tom takes Jim's hat and hangs it on the tree limb above his head. Thus, books form a foundation for civilization; using books, Tom creates a society for his gang of friends. When Huck asks why they could not see all the elephants, Tom explains that some magicians must have turned the whole army into a Sunday School picnic. This split between natural and book learning will be brought to a head when Huck encounters Pap directly.
The Widow Douglas has taken Huck in as her son, and is trying to civilize him by teaching him proper dress and proper manners. On the snow fall, he sees boot tracks with a cross in the left heel, and he knows that means his Pap is back. It is important to note Huck's views towards slavery at this point so that they may be compared to his views later on. The same thing happens with respect to Huck's Pap; Huck decides that Pap cannot be dead because the dead person was floating on its back rather than its face, meaning that it must have been a woman. After moving in with the Widow Douglas, who buys him new clothes and begins teaching him the Bible. So he panics for a bit and then just goes to sleep. They return home exhausted and Huck climbs into bed having muddied up his new clothes, and feeling dead tired.
When the hair-ball refuses to work properly, Jim suggest that Huck give it some money. The boys meet up to rob a church picnic, which Tom swears is a group of Spanish merchants and rich Arabs in disguise, but Huck knows that Tom likes to exaggerate. Huck is told to pray for what he wants, but when he prays and does not get anything, he decides that praying is pointless. He scrambles out of the window and down a shed and, sure enough, there's Tom waiting for him. Pap harasses Huck for wearing good clothes and going to school. Summary Chapter 1 begins where the leaves off. Typically, Huck is a very sensible person, making his adherence to superstition slightly ironic.
Huck lies awake until midnight, at which time he hears a soft meow from below his window. As they organize their gang, the boys take an oath to keep the gang a secret, signing their names in blood. To make matters worse, the Widow's sister, Miss Watson, lives with her and relentlessly nags Huck about his behavior. He hurries to Judge Thatcher, who is in charge of his money, and asks him to take all of his money, so Judge Thatcher allows Huck to sell it to him for a dollar. Unable to see any use for that sort of thing, Huck decides praying is probably not worth his time. Tom pretends that during this 'battle' there were Arabs and elephants and that the boys were attacking a large army, but Huck is too practical to follow Tom's fantastical imaginations.