The information is helpful in rectifying the imbalances noticed and accelerating economic growth in a balanced manner. This price includes £21,000 for all the costs of production £6,000 for components, £10,000 for assembly and £5,000 for marketing plus £4,000 for profit. Indirect taxes are those, which are usually included in the market prices of goods and services. If it were included in national income, it would make the value of the car £35,000 - the initial £25,000 plus the second hand value of £15,000. High rate of capital formation 4. The National Income estimate is Valuable in assessing the performance of different production sectors e.
However, for an individual economic transaction to be included in aggregate national income it must involve the purchase of newly produced goods or services. The extent of inequality in a country can be measured from the national income data collected through the income distribution methods. High rate of growth of population 3. National Income Some countries are rich, some are poor and yet some others are inbetween. Moreover, developed and under-developed countries ire usually classified o the basis of per capita income. Estimates of depreciation are made by corporations themselves and are guided by tax considerations and sometimes misleading ideas about the inflation process. These, however, are not taken into account by merely measuring the monetary price.
All of the transactions in an economy can be looked at in this way, giving us three ways to measure national income. That shows the overwhelming importance of agriculture in the. Companies, therefore, fail to give a realistic accounting of the depreciation of capital in an economy. For the economic historian in the Austrian tradition, the quality of economic data is of utmost importance, since false data or belief in inaccurate data can lead the economic historian to faulty interpretations of the past. Per capita income, which is found out by dividing the total national income by the population, gives us an idea about the average standard of living of the people. Even the taxation and borrowing policies are so framed as to avoid fluctuations in national income.
Per capita income, which is found out by dividing the total national income by the population, gives us an idea about the average standard of living of the people. In addition to the lack of accurately designed collections of data, there exists a related problem, also absent in the physical sciences — namely, the possibility of hiding of information or outright lying. It is both the figure of national income and the details regarding its various constituents that throw light on the functioning and performance of the economy. National income of India is compiled by a Finance Commission b Indian Statistical Institute c National Development Council d Central Statistical Organization 5. They all lead to different results.
A third type of error arises when gaps must be filled where basic data is not available, for example for a range of years or for industries where estimates are not known. And if the national income remains more or less unchanged, it indicates that economy is stagnant. Further, measuring national income is essential for various purposes that include projection about the future course of the economy, assisting government as the basis to design or redesign suitable development policies, helping firms in forecasting future demand for their products and facilitating international comparison. Almost all possible sources of error mentioned above apply to price statistics: the desire to hide or lie about the true price, problems of classification or definition, and quality changes. These data are also used by central banks to set and adjust and affect the of interest that they set. National income accounting is a bookkeeping system that a government uses to measure the level of the country's economic activity in a given time period.
Morgenstern's sample equations show the significance of a small error in the observation. Which is the best measure of economic growth of a country? The estimate of national income by industry of origin reveals the inter-sectoral growth of the economy. The more that workers are needed the higher the wage rate. Which of the following are referred to as the developed economies? The various sources of error that come into play in the social sciences suggest that the error in economic observations is substantial. Economic welfare depends to a considerable degree on the level of national income and the average standard of living of the people.
A lack of training can lead to error in data collection. The Central Statistical Organisation has divided Indian economy into three basic sector for the purpose of evaluation of various data. This helps analysis of relative performance of various sectors of the economy. Considered an aggregate of the economic activity within a nation, national income accounting provides economists and statisticians with detailed information that can be used to track the health of an economy and to forecast future growth and development. Factors that determine national income………………………………………………….
Yet in economics there is simply no error estimate. Year July-June ft financial year Apr-Mar d Any of these e None of these 49. Rao c Dadabhai Naoroji d Shirras 20. Example For example, if, in a hypothetical economy, 100 pens are produced and sold for £1 each in year 1, the nominal value of these transactions is £100. It also wants to compare its own economic performance with that of other countries so as to judge likely repercussion on its trade and balance of payments and so on.
Uses of National Income Data:- 1:National Income as a measure of economic growth - Estimates of national income at constant prices indicate economic growth of a country. Defence and Development: National income estimates help us to divide the national product between defence and development purposes. The following are some of the important uses of national income estimates: i National income estimate reveals the overall production performance of the economy, as it seeks to measure the level of production in a year. The importance of these estimates has increased considerably in developing countries in framing their future development plans. Kenya the East Africa biggest economy can compare how its economy is performing against its neighbouring countries such as Uganda, Tanzania and Rwanda. Similarly, social accounting provides a framework, both for social and economic analysis. There are also a lot of forms, like Fafsa, and certain claims for insurance and stuff that all require … your information, and if that information doesn't agree with each.