For more than 20 years he had worked with to free India from British rule. He wanted the spread of science in India. He was blessed to become the first Prime Minister of Independent India later. Nehru was elected to the Congress presidency in 1936, 1937, and 1946, and came to occupy a position in the nationalist movement second only to that of Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru Essay 4 250 words Jawaharlal Nehru was the son of a prominent lawyer named Motilal Nehru. While a student in England, he kept close touch with the political events in India. Nehrus were Saraswat Brahmin of Kashmiri lineage.
Both the British and the French had withdrawn peacefully. In 1923 he became general secretary of the party for two years, and he did so again in 1927 for another two years. As the Prime Minister of India, he took India on the path of progress under his guidance. As Independent India's prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru launched a series of economic and social initiatives in line with his vision of a socialist Indian nation. The real difference between Nehru and Gandhi was not in their attitudes toward religion but in their attitudes toward civilization.
His father was a famous lawyer. During the mid-1930s Nehru was much concerned with developments in Europe, which seemed to be drifting toward another world war. He went to jail several times. Finally, on 15th August 1947, India got her freedom. The British did not respond. One of the achievements of which he was particularly proud was the reform of the ancient Hindu civil code that finally enabled Hindu to enjoy equality with men in matters of inheritance and property.
With degree of law he came back to India and joined the bar at the Allahabad High court. Nehru joined the Congress Party, the political group that Gandhi led. He was sentenced to imprisonment till 1945. He died on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi, India. A wrong, Gandhi argued, should not only be condemned but be resisted. From 1926 to 1928, Jawaharlal served as the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. But not until father and son met and were persuaded to follow in his political footsteps did either of them develop any definite ideas on how freedom was to be attained.
He joined the Non-cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi and also went to jail several times for flouting He underwent all the pain and suffering happily for the sake of his country. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924, and served for two years as the city's chief executive. The of March 1931, signed between Gandhi and the British viceroy, Lord Irwin later , signalized a truce between the two principal protagonists in India. The same year, he returned to India and came close to Mahatma Gandhi who had also returned to India as a lawyer, after fighting for political rights and equality for Indians in South Africa. He acted as Congress President in four different years before India became free. Article shared by Short biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for kids. In 1905 he went to , a leading English school, where he stayed for two years.
Characteristically, he described his terms of incarceration as normal interludes in a life of abnormal political activity. The importance of Nehru in the perspective of Indian history is that he imported and imparted modern values and ways of thinking, which he adapted to Indian conditions. He was again imprisoned in 1930 and in 1932 for taking part in. He was a great lover of beauty and a true lover of peace and freedom. He was the first Prime Minister of India, as well as the father of the most famous Prime Minister — Indira Gandhi. A series of English governesses and tutors educated Nehru at home until he was 16.
He started practising his law in the Allahabad High Court after his return to the country. Nehru also played a major role in developing independent India's foreign policy. He headed the Indian government for 17 long and brilliant years. He worked to make the country more modern. Nehru became prime minister of India. In the , India was the only nonaligned country to vote with the Soviet Union on the invasion of , and it was thereafter difficult for Nehru to command in his calls for nonalignment.
He was essentially a religious man but not in the sense in which religion was understood in India. He never wanted his countrymen to remain in the grip of illiteracy, ignorance and superstition. Nehru did not conceal his differences with Gandhi on many basic social, economic, and political issues. In 1916, married Kamala Kaul, who supported his patriotism and a devoted wife in all respects. Whereas Nehru talked in an increasingly modern , Gandhi was harking back to the glories of ancient India.
He suffered imprisonment for the first time in 1921 for taking part in the Non-co-operation Movement. He was very hard working and peaceful nature person. Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru. As the Prime Minister of India, he travelled everywhere and India. He wanted religion to develop the inner-self of a man and hated it as a tool to create violence in the country.