Slide 13: Delegation as an important function of Manager:There are several advantages resulting from effective delegation:In order to delegate, the manager should have the following:Receptiveness — Willingness to delegate — welcomes the ideas of subordinateWillingness to allow them to make decisionsWillingness to let others make mistakesWillingness to trust subordinatesShould delegate only if they have means of getting feedbackReward effective delegation. Philosophy, style, approach, attitude, emotional intelligence. Communicate with the top level Management and the lower level management. Delegation as an important function of Manager:There are several advantages resulting from effective delegation:In order to delegate, the manager should have the following:Receptiveness Willingness to delegate welcomes the ideas of subordinateWillingness to allow them to make decisionsWillingness to let others make mistakesWillingness to trust subordinatesShould delegate only if they have means of getting feedbackReward effective delegation. Maintains a link between workers and middle management. If women want to rise to the top levels of management, they need to be more like men. Talking about it can help relieve the stress.
Work of thinking, planning and deciding. Reward people arrive on time rather than laggards. Government may restrict the scope of private sectors in certain areas. It executes policies and plans. Subjective Factor Theory: Congruence between personality patterns of the candidate and the image of the organization , and the choice is made on highly personal and emotional basis.
Behaviour Modification Positive Reinforcement - Ex: Immediately praising an employee for coming early for job. Leadership process — leadership styles, communication, decision-making and related processes. Require more managerial and technical skills and less conceptual skills. Extinction : Weakening a behavior. In order to maximize managerial effectiveness, men should be given the jobs that require task-oriented abilities and women should be given the jobs that require interpersonal skills. Effective leadership is not based on a set of principles or influences, but rather on a wide range of approaches that you can draw from.
Slide80 Changes in International Environment Multilateral trade among the nations will increase. Slide19 Middle Level Management: Middle level management gives recommendations to the top level management. Slide78 Changes in Technological Environment Automation: Jobs become routine and unchallenging. Big organizations continue to grow. Traditional Management: Decision-making, planning, and controlling.
Traditional Management: Decision-making, planning, and controlling. Behaviour is conduct of a person. Persuasive: Sticks to a problem until it is resolved. What is your role in attaining these goals and objectives? How much authority do you have? There are several advantages resulting from effective delegation:What To Delegate? Work with a messy desk or work area. Marketing Manager: To develop new product, promote sales and distribution of product or service. Delegate: Leader permits the group to make the decision within prescribed limits.
This can be an extremely powerful way to lead others. What is your role in attaining these goals and objectives? Deals with layout, production, inventory and quality control. Time Management actually relates to:Getting the best out of your timeTime management is the same as managing your lifeLife managementTime managementNow managementPrioritizationManaging your mindAwarenessMajor areas that help in the management of timeThere are five major areas, which are imperative to improving the management of time:Habitual use of timeManagers should generally spend an average day as given below:Pay off time - 50% of average dayInvestment time - 25% of average dayOrganization time - 15% of average dayWasted time - 10% of average dayGoal settingS SpecificM- MeasurableA AchievableR RealisticT TimedPrioritiesCommunicationProcrastinationProcrastination is a major stumbling block for almost everyone seeking to improve his use of time. Political Science - It studies individuals and groups within specific conditions concerning the power dynamics. Members contribute to team in one of four styles: Contributor Collaborator Communicator Challenger Integrator Dissimilarity in Teams Demographic dissimilarity influences absenteeism, commitment, turnover intentions, beliefs, workgroup relationships, self-esteem, and organizational citizenship behavior. Slide 14: Social Responsibilities of Managers and Ethics to be followed:Responsibility towards shareholdersResponsibility towards consumersResponsibility towards employeesResponsibility towards creditorsResponsibility towards the governmentResponsibility towards suppliersResponsibility towards competitorsResponsibility towards general publicExample: Tata group of companies took up social project as part of its corporate policy.
Will you receive feedback on how you are doing? Improvement in production or methods of problem solving. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. The employees in turn are oriented towards obedience and dependence on the boss. Dale McConky, suggests the following items to be delegated to subordinates: Matters that keep repeating themselves Minor decisions most frequently made Parts of the job the supervisor is least qualified to handle Parts of the job that make the superior over specialized. Manager as Master Technician Emphasizes more on technical knowledge for success. Intermediary between top and lower management.
Multi — dimensional concept : Individual autonomy, authority structure, leadership style, pattern of communication, degree of conflicts and cooperation, etc. What are your relationships inside and outside of your department or organization? Principle of Effectiveness: Let subordinates suggest solution. Slide77 Changes in Economic Environment Environment will not remain confined to land but would extend to ocean and space. How much do your team members have? You achieve this by practicing effective leadership. About the Author Grace Ferguson has been writing professionally since 2009.
What criteria will be used to measure your performance? In order to maximize managerial effectiveness, men should be given the jobs that require task-oriented abilities and women should be given the jobs that require interpersonal skills. Prepare long-term plans Final authority in the organisation. Once the individual has satisfied those needs, he progresses to the need to find himself, also referred to as self-actualization. It does this by taking a system approach. Employees perceive job as relaxing and normal. Small firms will be needed to serve as feeders to larger ones.
This helps us to appreciate the functioning of individuals within the organization which is essentially a sociotechnical entity. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives. A close supervision is required on part of managers. Time Dimensions in Managerial Jobs 1. Checking the accuracy of reports. Collegial - The basis of this model is partnership with a managerial orientation of teamwork. Proper planning and follow-up: Minutes of meeting.