We were locked out of most opportunities to own anything, even the very countries in which we are the majority of the population. The reasons for reparations are correct. If Reparations came in the form of scholarships or public endowments, I would applaud it. African slavery was well established long before the post-Columbian trans-Atlantic trade in human cargo. Virtually every group that has sought refuge in America has grievances to remember. Furthermore - The other nations that you listed did not rely upon slavery to their agricultural and textile markets. Those who were responsible for the institutionalized enslavement of people of African descent also received the primary benefits from such actions.
A monetary value is placed on human suffering every time one of these law suits are settled. I make this point time and time again, and it is ignored. I don't think they can, however, I think we can improve. Just as they inherit the cost of paying down the national debt which they did not run up - and yet still have to pay. The two great waves of American immigration occurred after 1880 and after 1960. That aside, all available evidence indicates that I'm going to be called a , that people will think that I support everything written here in spite of my emphatic disclaimer above and will respond with emotional insults rather than logic.
David Horowitz is the founder of and author of the new book,. Dredging up a new reason to assault this idea is not in the interest of African-Americans. The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living. Especially in the case of slavery, nothing could be further from the truth. But there is plenty of evidence the hardships that occurred were hardships that individuals could and did overcome. America has a great answer for all of this: it's called equal opportunity. Then it occurred to me that perhaps I don't know all that much about non-black society, white society in particularly.
What changed was that the , which has been clearly linked to higher poverty rates. I think I might be down for some cash from the Danes over that whole Viking affair, with all that raping and plundering villages. Is this black middle-class majority -- numbering millions of individuals -- really just a collective exception of unusual people? Fifth and finally, Frum argues that a reparations program would quickly lose legitimacy, for simply too many logistical problems would arise in deciding how to implement the distribution of money. Slavery existed for thousands of years before the Atlantic slave trade was born, and in all societies. However, the treatment of freed slaves and their descendents isn't in such questionable territory. How do you make any of those determinations with reparations? There were 3,000 black slave-owners in the ante-bellum United States. I'm not saying its identical, but where is the line drawn? For the African-American community to isolate itself even further from America is to embark on a course whose implications are troubling.
N4M8 - No problem on the apology, I know we all fire off a quick response sometimes, often appearing more forceful or insulting that we wished! Racial Inequality, Economic Dysfunction, and Reparations, Challenge, Vol. Where do you live so I can get to work? Excuses run the gamut, from Africans didnt know how harsh slavery in America was and Slavery in Africa was, by comparison, humane or, in a bizarre version of The devil made me do it, Africans were driven to this only by the unprecedented profits offered by greedy European countries. As a kid here in Oklahoma City, I was among the very first kids bused across town in a bid by the city to integrate its schools and met one of my life long friends because of it--he and I had lunch yesterday. The Indians we took the land from kept slaves. Because of slavery, racist laws, and racist policies, blacks were denied the chance to compete for the opportunities and resources of America that were available to native whites and immigrants: labor opportunities, free enterprise, and land. If slave labor created wealth for all Americans, then obviously it created wealth for black Americans as well, including the descendants of slaves.
Thanks to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database, directed by the historian David Eltis of Emory University, we now know the ports from which more than 450,000 of our African ancestors were shipped out to what is now the United States the database has records of 12. Similarly, only 19% of whites — and 63% of blacks — support special education and job training programs for the descendants of slaves. He has debated Dorothy Lewis on national television and Tim Wise. Are reparations to be paid by their descendants too? This may not make a lot of difference on some things, but doesn't it have to impact heavily on race relations? We also know that Susie Jones is the injured party. Why are Caribbean countries so indebted? A ratified treaty is the law of the land, but the right to sue may not exist. However reparations to the descendants of the victims of these actions are paid by the state - because the state - not the individual - is responsible for those actions.
It is this heritage that is really under attack by the reparations movement. The George Washington Law Review, Vol. To focus the social passions of African-Americans on what some Americans may have done to their ancestors fifty or a hundred and fifty years ago is to burden them with a crippling sense of victim-hood. Yes, this has been passed on to todays generation, is taking a little far. The renewed sense of grievance -- which is what the claim for reparations will inevitably create -- is neither a constructive nor a helpful message for black leaders to be sending to their communities and to others. This is not surprising; white immigrant groups outperform their native cohort too. Shortly after the War on Poverty got rolling 1967 , about 27% of Americans lived in poverty.
When I wrote in The News newspaper, I said this about reparations: We are too busy looking forward to the past, hanging our future and aspirations on the past; two hundred plus years in the past. Why are there so many young Black men in prison? It was not whites but black Africans who first enslaved their brothers and sisters. What is the solution to these seemingly intractable problems? First, they hold the United States government responsible for accepting that human beings with black skin can be property. Conyers will become chairman of the Judiciary Committee if Democrats win back the House. As of 1998, median white family income in the U.
Thus, to take the most obvious case, may have been a sharecropper's daughter in the most segregated of all Southern states, but -- victim of slavery and segregation or no -- she was still able to become one of the 400 richest individuals in America on the strength of her appeal to white consumers. Your parents parents are poor, your parents are poor, youre poor. So how can the writer of this say slavery was not a crime against humanity. I base this off the fact that in their lifetime they were not allowed the opportunities that they should have been, and as a result have suffered. And for this fact it already worked.