The idea was to isolate the Confederacy both diplomatically and economically, preventing it from exporting cotton and tobacco to Europe and importing weapons, foodstuffs, and other necessities. This action would divide the South in half, which would weaken it. Southern rivers were avenues of invasion for Northern armies in the war's Western Theater. The one-quarter that did not get through can be written off as operational losses. Even though it was not appreciated in the past, the issue of labor mobility has now… 1761 Words 8 Pages with his generals to devise a strategy by which the Confederate states could be brought back into the Union. Southern armies had to be crushed, and numerous cities had to be seized by Union forces. The plan was adopted in 1862, involving four main parts.
Washington: Government Printing Office, 1886-1901. It was a military plan that was proposed by Winfield Scott. Aged and infirm, he had to retire before the year was out. When word of the loss of Vicksburg reached the garrison at Port Hudson, Maj. At this point Abraham Lincoln created a naval blockade, a system of ships that stops all imports and exports, on the Confederate coastline. Development: Mississippi River Battle of Vicksburg, by Kurz and Allison. Under McClellan and his eventual successor in the West, , the Mississippi became a somewhat neglected theater for operations in the West.
Furthermore, the defeat of its armies was not the only way the South lost. Farragut captured New Orleans, Louisiana, in April 1862, and claimed Vicksburg, Mississippi, in July 1863, the Mississippi River belonged to the Union, creating logistical chaos for the Confederacy. Navy closing all Southern ports. Still, the Anaconda Plan had problems. The same was true in Richmond. Another important aspect of the plan was to capture the valley of the Tennessee River. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1960,.
For the historians who contend that a rational plan did exist, the debate, like the plan itself, has two parts. After encompassing the Confederacy the army and navy would tighten in, and effectively strangle the South. Scott took his ideas to Lincoln, and explained in more detail exactly what he proposed should be done. Without the loss of the Mississippi River and the Tennessee Valley, the supposed vast differences in resources between the Union and the Confederate Armies would have been greatly lessened. Every year thousands of people relive the war by participating in reenactments. Despite many ships being able to elude the blockade, it did have an impact on the number of ships reaching Southern ports, and thus affected the Southern economy. Most historians regard this as merely a modification of the basic strategy in the course of events.
He remained as the commander of all United States troops until the start of the Civil War in 1861. This left President Abraham Lincoln in a tight spot on how to go about dealing with the Southern states that had seceded, the Confederacy, who were now at war with the Northern states, the Union. Even though Scott's plan was met with ridicule from his critics, the plan used closely resembled his and led to the defeat of the Confederacy. Two main elements of the eventual Union victory were the blockade and seizure of the Mississippi River. The Anaconda Plan was drawn up to end the Civil War in favor of the Union. After New Orleans fell to the Union fleet under on April 29, 1862, Mobile was the only serious problem for the blockade. The same decision by the Confederate War Department that led to the abandonment of most of the Atlantic coast except for the major ports applied to the Gulf as well, with the result that only Mobile, New Orleans, and Galveston were defended.
This sale was often above 300% profit while considering the costs of transport. Clearly, the war was not the relatively bloodless affair that General Scott promised in his original proposal. This blockade stretched from the Rio Grande to the Chesapeake Bay. It was a disaster for the Union. Nashville, Tennessee was served by 5 railroads during the war, and the state of Tennessee was home to the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, making it an ideal point for marshalling and distributing resources. The plan was properly titled Anaconda beca … use the North was trying to squeeze the South and divide it so that it couldn't show a united front.
The Blockade Strategy Board had recommended that Ship Island, which lies in the Gulf between Mobile and New Orleans, be taken and used as a base for the West Gulf Blockading Squadron. The Anaconda plan didn't propose anything. After all, we 're all adults, right? More Americans died during the Civil War then all other American wars combined. It was Grant's successes in the West that brought him to the attention of the Lincoln and paved his way for command of the Union forces. The complete strategy could not be implemented immediately, as no warships of the type imagined for the Mississippi campaign existed. They point out that the collapse of the , which in 1865 was virtually all that remained of the Confederacy, followed soon after the loss of Wilmington to the Union.
Birth of the Anaconda Plan Scott was the first man to draw up a military strategy to put down the uprising in the Southern states. Recognizing that the Confederacy had no real navy at the war's start, he called for a blockade of all Southern ports along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Much of this was later done by the , a group meeting at the request of the Navy Department but also with representatives from both the Army and the Coast Survey. The first part was to divide the South by controlling the Mississippi River. In the first week of May, Scott informed Major General that he felt a properly enforced blockade of Confederate-held ports, together with an advance along the Mississippi, would allow the establishment of Federal positions and leave the Confederacy disorganized, isolated, and with no alternative but to agree to terms. In fact, only the first two were consequential; a mere eight steam-powered blockade runners entered Georgia or northern Florida ports throughout the entire war. The Anaconda Plan is remembered today as an example of an early Union strategy to defeat the Confederacy, but was never officially adopted.
Many people thought that Scotts plan was too passive and difficult. His plan came to be known as the Anaconda plan. About May 3rd, Scott told his protégé, Maj. For instance, one reason for two invasions of the North, which ended at in September 1862 and in July 1863, was to gather food and supplies. These funds will continue to support our work of providing free access to authoritative content about Virginia's history and culture. It consisted of a large-scale blockade of ports in the South, combined with a Federal attack along the Mississippi River, aimed at splitting the Confederacy.